Onion weed or Asphodelus fistulosus, a perennial weed, can cause a few problems in lawns so it’s a great idea to learn how to treat this weed in your lawn.
What Is Onion Weed?
Asphodelus is from Greek meaning ‘head of a pike’ and refers to the appearance of some plants in the lily family. Fistulosus is from the Latin fistula meaning tube and refers to the hollow leaves.
Onion Weed refers to its weedy nature and leaves that resemble onion leaves. It does not have a bulb or smell like onion. It is an invasive plant with long, cylindrical leaves and white flowers.
How To Treat Onion Weed In Your Lawn
It can be fairly easy to eradicate onion weed from your lawn by ensuring your grass is growing vigorously – a healthy, thriving lawn will out-compete it in a relatively short period of time, with no other course of treatment required. Typically, having onion weed in your lawn is merely a sign that your lawn needs a bit more care.
Because onion weed is a perennial weed, it stores nutrients and carbohydrates in its bulbs to generate growth in the following season, in the same way as spring bulbs such as daffodils. Trying to pull out or dig up these weeds in garden areas results in the parent bulbs releasing tiny bulbs (bulbils) from the base of the main bulb. These grow into mature plants, and all the digging has achieved is multiplication of the problem. To get rid of onion weed, you have to prevent the bulbs storing food for growth.
Pull the weeds out of the ground.
Hand pulling onion weed out of the ground is an easy, immediate option. If you’re looking for a natural way to get rid of onion weed, hand pulling is an effective method.
Use an herbicide.
Onion weed can be effectively and fairly safely eliminated by using an herbicide containing glyphosate. You should follow the directions given with the herbicide, but in most cases you simply spray the herbicide on the weeds you want to eliminate.
- Always spray on a clear, non-windy and dry day.
- Always wear protective gear when using an herbicide.
Cover the area in plastic for a herbicide-free option.
Take a sheet of opaque black plastic that is large enough to cover the area infested with onion weed. Use several sheets if necessary. Hold the plastic in place with rocks or stakes, and leave it there for several weeks.
- By cutting off light that the plants need to survive, this method will eventually kill the weeds.
- This method will probably also dry out the soil in the area, and may kill grass or other plants along with the onion weed.
- Plan it to take a year or so for the soil and area to return to normal.
Onion weed can also produce seed. Cutting off the foliage at ground level will prevent the plants making carbohydrates in their leaves, and also prevent seed forming.
This weed can be tricky to eradicate because the bulbils can be released whenever you disturb the soil. Cut off the foliage at ground level with shears to prevent it making food for the bulbs. You may have to cut back foliage several times as soon as it appears. If you do this consistently, bulb growth will become progressively weaker, and you will eliminate the problem without disturbing the soil and stimulating the growth of more bulbs.
Onion weed is more commonly found in undernourished soils, or where soil pH is unsuitable for healthy plant growth. Where onion weed has been a problem, check your soil pH, and improve organic matter content in soil to prevent the problem recurring.